I’m not sure that there is any muscle as deeply integrated with movement of the scapula than the trapezius.
It is divided into three sections:
The upper trapezius
The middle trapezius
The lower trapezius
What does trapezius mean?
The name Trapezius comes from the Greek word “trapeza” which means four-sided.
Trapezius is named for its shape.
When the left and right sides are paired, they form a trapezium.
The trapezius composes the superficial layer of muscle on the back only partly covered by the large latissimus dorsi muscle.
Where does the trapezius muscle attach?
ORIGIN OF TRAPEZIUS
The Upper Trapezius – base of the occiput – ligamentum nuchae – spinous processes of vertebrae C1-C7
The Middle Trapezius – spinous processes of C7 – T3
The Lower Trapezius – spinous processes of T4 – T12
INSERTION OF TRAPEZIUS
The Upper Trapezius – lateral clavicle and the acromion process
The Middle Trapezius – spine of the scapula
The Lower Trapezius – spine of the scapula
What actions does the trapezius muscle do?
All three sections of the trapezius help in upwardly rotating the scapula. This is possible because of the points of insertion. It helps to imagine a central point around which the scapula rotates and see that the muscular attachments are like ropes on a pulley.
The Upper Trapezius also does: Elevation
The Middle Trapezius also does: Retraction
The Lower Trapezius also does: Depression
What are the most common injuries to the trapezius?
The most common cause of pain in the trapezius is STRESS! Many people seem to carry their stress around in their shoulders. It’s not uncommon for the upper trapezius to be involved in headaches and torticollis (wry neck/waking up with a stiff neck). Trigger points in the trapezius can be particularly nasty and part of the headaches that are so commonly caused.
Postures Where The Trapezius Muscle Contracts
Postures Where The Trapezius Muscle Lengthens
THE RIGHT ARM IS DOWNWARDLY ROTATING LENGTHENING THE TRAPEZIUS MUSCLE.